Google is working on new data migration legislation

For the Internet to develop, it needs better data portability and better interoperability between manufacturers. We knew that Google had been working on a plan to promote data migration since 2018.

The main reason that Google started working on this is that in many countries and regions, governments have started to pay more attention to barriers to switching and interoperating Internet services. In short, Google wants to remove all these barriers to accelerate the development of the Internet. It will also lead to more competition between manufacturers. For starters, Google will propose new digital industry legislation, specific competition reforms, and stronger regulatory enforcement, or a combination of the three.

Why is Google concerned about data migration issues?

During the presentation of its plane, Google said that it would invest a lot more to solve the problems related to data portability. In addition, the company will add “open source libraries” that facilitate the transfer of various types of data. This will allow more companies and institutions to participate in the DTP program.

By the way, at the moment, lawmakers in the European Union are working on the details of the implementation of the law on digital markets. This will surely affect various Internet platforms that currently have significant influence. Undoubtedly, Google will be on the list. This detailed regime will include various day-to-day operational requirements, including data interoperability provisions, mandatory requirements, etc.

In addition to the EU, other countries and regions (including the UK, Australia and South Korea) are also planning to take relevant corrective measures. In addition, many of them are implementing antitrust measures to force Internet giants to become more open and to remove the barriers of digital markets.

Regarding the United States, prior to this, we learned that the Federal Trade Commission had begun to focus on data portability from a consumer or market competition perspective. It is foolish to mention that Google was in the spotlight. Many of Google’s businesses have been the subject of antitrust investigations or charges by the US government.

New porting tools

Another action Google plans to take is to upgrade existing data porting tools, such as “Google Takeout.” As the company said, it will do its best to allow users to transfer personal files to different service providers via DTP technology.

Interestingly, every month users use the Takeout tool to perform up to 8.2 million personal data transfers. As for statistics, users transferred 400 billion files in 2021, which is double of 2019.

Google also said it would continue to support other institutions and researchers in the development of data portability and interoperability technologies. Finally, Google will work closely with them to develop industry-wide standards and guidelines for major issues.

Three principles

Google has highlighted three important principles in the area of ​​data portability.

The first principle

The first is to support standards for the most common data types to meet consumer migration needs. This is essential because there are different types of data. But Google is more focused on migrating consumer information, such as personal photos, playlists, and communication records.

We think Google does this for a purpose. But on the other hand, Internet data migration is also good for users. For example, Spotify users can more easily migrate their personal playlists to other music streaming services. Another example, Instagram users can also migrate massive photos to other photo services. As Google also offers similar services, there is every reason to think that Google is trying to attract more users to its services.

The second principle

Anyway, the second important principle proposed by Google is that data portability should be reciprocal. Google means that internet platforms that allow users to move data should also allow users to move data. This will encourage consumers to try different service providers without fear of losing their own historical data.

This is in accordance with data law in the European Union. It promotes the reuse of data. This is especially important for the Internet of Things. Products in this category require shared data between connected devices.

In fact, the law is still being drafted. But even from this form of law we can learn what the EU wants to change. According to her, major Internet platforms, defined as “custodians”, cannot obtain third-party data through migration. Thus, the EU wants to limit the influence of large platforms on the market. Does this mean Google will appear out of the IoT game?

The third principle

The third principle is to attach importance to privacy protection and network security. Google said data porting laws and regulations should prevent unauthorized access, data drift or other fraudulent practices.

However, it must be said that before that Meta said that data portability is difficult to implement. The former Facebook believes this will affect user privacy and security. The company even said that the “Cambridge Analytica scandal” in the past (where the privacy of tens of millions of users was leaked) also showed that too much open data is a downside to privacy and security. user safety.

Sean N. Ayres