How to become an effective data analyst? The ultimate guide.

How to become an effective data analyst? The ultimate guide.


by Aratrika Dutta


23 Aug 2021

Want to become a data analyst? Here is a guide for you.

The word data analyst has become prominent today with the increase in the generation of big data and data. As every organization has to process huge amounts of data, they are hiring more data analysts. Everyone is eager to become a data analyst. Now, how do you become a data analyst? What are the stages? What is a data analyst? What is his role ? You have to think about all of these questions before you go for a data analyst, right? This article will give a detailed understanding of a data analyst and provide steps on how to become a data analyst.

Here are five steps to consider if you want to become a data analyst.

1. Obtain a bachelor’s degree in a field emphasizing statistical and analytical skills, such as math or computer science.

2. Grasp important data analysis skills.

3. Consider certification related to data analysis.

4. Get your first data analyst job or a data analyst internship to gain practical knowledge.

5. Earn a master’s degree in data analysis.

Boom, you are ready to do your job as a data analyst.

Now, for a deep understanding of what data analysts do, you need to educate yourself about data analysis. Data analysis can be defined as the process in which important information is extracted from the raw data by analyzing it. This information can be business information, product innovations, market trends, etc.

As a data analyst, you must scrutinize data collected from multiple sources, cleanse it, and then transmute it into information that humans can understand.

What does a data analyst do?

A data analyst collects, processes and analyzes large data sets. Every business, large or small, produces and collects data. This data can take the form of customer returns, accounts, logistics, marketing studies, etc.

A data analyst is a professional who takes this data and determines various actions, such as how to improve the customer experience, the price of new materials and how to reduce transportation costs, etc. A data analyst takes care of data management, data modeling and reporting. .

Responsibilities of a data analyst

The first step in becoming a data analyst is to understand the following responsibilities.

Understand the goal

First, a data analyst must identify the purpose of the organization. They need to assess the available resources, understand the business problem, and collect the right data.

Queries and scripts

Data analysts write complex SQL queries and scripts to collect, store, control, and retrieve information from relational databases such as MS SQL Server, Oracle DB, and MySQL.

Data extraction

Data is pulled from a deluge of sources and organized to acquire new details. In doing so, data models are created to increase the efficiency of the system.

Data cleaning

Data cleaning is an important duty of a data analyst. The data collected initially will often be complex and will have missing values. Therefore, it is crucial to clean the collected data to prepare it for analysis.

Data review

Data analysts use analytical and statistical tools, including programming languages, to perform logical evaluation of data.

Interpreting data trends

Data analysts use various packages and libraries to mark trends and patterns from complex data sets, thereby locating invisible business information.

Assembly of summary reports

Data analysts assemble summary reports using data visualization tools. These reports motivate the management team to make timely decisions.

Cooperation and collaboration

Data analysts interact with the leadership team, development team, and data scientists to establish the appropriate implementation of business requirements and identify opportunities for process improvement.

Skills required for data analysts

  • Programming languages ​​(R / SAS)
  • Creative and analytical thinking
  • Strong and effective communication
  • Data visualization
  • Data warehousing
  • SQL databases
  • Database query languages
  • Data mining, cleansing and munging
  • Microsoft Excel advanced
  • Machine learning

What tools does a data analyst use?

Google Analytics: It helps analysts better understand customer data, including trends and areas of customer experience that need to be developed on landing pages or calls to action (CTAs)

Tableau: Analysts use Tableau to collect and analyze data. They can create and share dashboards with different team members and create visualizations.

Jupyter Notebook System: It allows data analysts to easily test code.

Github: It is a platform for sharing and building technical projects. It is a must have for data analysts who use object oriented programming.

AWS S3: it is a cloud storage system. Data analysts can use it to store and retrieve large sets of data.

What is the salary of a data analyst?

It’s something that motivates you and pushes you to become a data analyst.

Salary in the USA

A data analyst in the United States can earn a minimum salary of $ 43,000 up to a maximum of $ 95,000 per year.

Salary in India

In India, a data analyst can earn an average salary of 500,000 per year.

Salary in UK

In the UK, a data analyst earns an average salary of £ 30,000 per year.

Nowadays, data analysts have a lot of opportunities. As every business deals with huge amounts of data, they are looking for professionals who can effectively manage that data.

Sean N. Ayres