Key IT Tools and Best Practices to Mitigate the Risks of Cloud Data Migration

It’s no surprise that organizations are looking to move their databases to the cloud, as they find that cloud environments provide them with the benefits of scalability and flexibility. However, many companies are unable to complete the migration process for various reasons. Let’s take a look at the risks associated with migrating your data to the cloud and some tools that might help you mitigate those risks.

Many organizations have already moved their databases to the cloud, and many newer databases have never existed anywhere other than in the cloud. This still leaves a majority of companies that are just starting the migration process or are in the planning stage.

Gartner report, The future of the DBMS market is the cloud, predicts that by 2022, 75% of databases will be deployed or migrated to the cloud. In their 2021 report, Market Share: Database Management Systems, Worldwide, 2020, Gartner said that “the DBMS market continued to grow strongly from previous years, growing 17.1% to reach a size of $ 64.8 billion in 2020, once again driven by the growth of database platform as a service (dbPaaS) ”.

Why are organizations moving their data to the cloud?

It’s no surprise that organizations are looking to move their databases to the cloud, as they find that cloud environments provide them with the benefits of scalability and flexibility. A cloud environment also offers other benefits, such as better control of budgets with consumption-based pricing, faster infrastructure setup, and the choice of which database they want to use at the time. to come up.

However, migrating an on-premises database to the cloud is not as straightforward as it sounds, and companies undertaking the migration process should be aware of several risks.

Disturbingly, Gartner suggests that 83% of data migration projects fail or exceed their budgets and schedules, and The Bloor Group says over 80% of data migration projects are running on time and on budget. They suggest that cost overruns explain the failure of about 30% of projects, and time overruns account for 41% of failures.

Learn more: Migration to the cloud: when IT prerogatives and employee needs don’t match

How to Mitigate the Risks Associated with Migrating Data to the Cloud

Examine your current database

Make sure you know the size of your current database and how big you expect it to become. Make sure the database data is “clean” and does not contain duplicate or redundant data.

Decide on a cloud migration strategy

You need to determine whether you want to use a single public cloud provider, such as Microsoft Azure, or multiple providers, such as AWS, Google Cloud, etc. And look at the prices and what each vendor is offering. A better pricing structure may be offered to meet your needs. You can also decide that part of your database and applications should remain on-premises.

What expertise do you already have?

Your team will be made up of people with different levels of expertise. Is it enough for the task ahead? Do you need to train your existing staff, hire new people, or hire consulting services? If you do not have the necessary skills, the project may be doomed to failure.

Back up your data

If any data is corrupted, incomplete, or missing, it can be restored from the backup.

Avoid downtime

The most obvious way to copy an existing database to the cloud is to make a backup copy of the database and transfer it. It’s easy, risk-free, and relatively inexpensive. However, this can lead to unacceptable downtime. A better method is to replicate the original database in the cloud. While the replica copy is in progress, the on-premises version can still be updated. At some point, a failover should make the cloud version the new master copy and updates will take place on it. There is only a short downtime during the failover. A third alternative without downtime is the master / master method. With this method, a replica is created in the cloud and updates are performed there and on-premises simultaneously. They remain fully synchronized until the switchover.

Avoid overspending

With so many migration projects failing due to overspending, it makes sense to examine what factors can help lower the overall cost of a migration project:

  1. Run a test project to identify challenges associated with the “live” project. It will also test the necessary flexibility and scalability.
  2. As mentioned earlier, make sure that the data is cleaned to remove any unwanted or corrupted records before the transfer process begins.
  3. Make sure the cloud provider offers the best value for your needs. Also move infrequently accessed data to cheaper storage tiers.
  4. Keep track of whether the amount spent and the goals achieved are as expected at each step.

Avoid latency

Moving to the cloud can introduce latency, and no one wants their work to take longer. There are a number of techniques that can be used to reduce latency, depending on the cause of each problem. However, if the problem is not resolved, it may be necessary for the database to remain on-site.

Security

Running things in-house means the IT team can see what’s going on and make sure the right security policies are in place and enforced. Moving to the cloud does not remove the usual security concerns like insider threats, accidental errors, malware, unsafe APIs, etc. The good news is that cloud providers offer standard security as well as compliance portfolios. Organizations can ensure that they use multi-factor authentication, zero-tolerance architecture, and more as standard.

Learn more: Cloud migrations blocked: look at the people, not the technology

The best tools and technologies for a seamless migration to the cloud

Organizations can use cloud migration software to move their data to the cloud. Google, AWS, Azure, and more come with migration software tools that businesses can use. Here are some of the tools available to help with the migration process.

AWS Server Migration Service (SMS)

It’s for people migrating internal data to AWS, and it’s a free service. There is a cost associated with each snapshot created on an Elastic Block Store (EBS) for each replication. The SMS tool monitors databases and there is no need to install additional drivers to run it.

Azure migration tools

Azure Migrate is a free service. Organizations can use Cloud Migration Assessment, Azure Hybrid Use Benefit, and Azure Site Recovery to migrate to a hybrid cloud environment, optimize deployment, and potentially save on licensing. The tools can track the progress of server and database migration.

Google Cloud Platform (GCP) / Velostrata

Google’s Cloud Platform (GCP) provides a cloud-only migration tool or service with Velostrata (aka Migrate for Compute Engine), which it has acquired. The process of migrating to the cloud is very fast.

Micro Focus PlateSpin Migration Plant

The Micro Focus PlateSpin Migration Factory uses two tools for migration. PlateSpin Migrate is used for server migrations. PlateSpin Transformation Manager is used to plan and track migrations. It supports AWS, Azure, and VMware.

Carbonite migration

Carbonite Migrate helps migrate data, applications, and servers between clouds and physical platforms. Workloads can be moved easily through structured and repeatable processes.

Corent SurPasS

Corent provides data and server migration and offers various migration packages tailored to customers. Corent supports AWS, Azure, Oracle OCI, Google Cloud, IBM Cloud, VMware, and OpenStack.

VMware / CloudHealth Technologies

VMware ensures that the infrastructure used meets the needs of the business through its reporting and analysis tools. Strategies can be used to maintain performance at required levels.

Migration to the turbonomic cloud

Turbonomic can be used in hybrid cloud environments to automate workload. It works with AWS and Azure. It also maintains application performance by monitoring and optimizing workloads in a hybrid cloud environment.

Densify

Densify is an on-demand cloud migration tool that compares cloud providers and selects the most cost effective. The service is chargeable, but it will ensure that each application complies with the appropriate regulations and safety standards. It works with all major public cloud services.

Learn more: The State of Migration to the Enterprise Cloud Spring / Summer 2021

At the end of the line

There are many benefits to migrating databases to the cloud, but the migration process is not without its pitfalls. Careful planning can ensure that known risks are mitigated, and people who start the process now can learn from the mistakes of people who have attempted a similar migration before. It is good to know that there are many tools available to make the migration process easier, whether to a single or multiple cloud providers. And some of the tools are free to use.

Do you think cloud migration tools can help minimize the risks associated with data transfers? Comment below or let us know about LinkedIn, Twitter, Where Facebook. We would love to hear from you.

Sean N. Ayres